Thématique: Plagiarism
Guidelines for the use of quotations
The art of quoting well
  • Quote, paraphrase, and cite your sources
How should Jules go about citing his sources in his paper? (Select all that apply.)

Full reference :
Koolmatrie, T. (2011). Finding my ground in public health research: lessons from my Grandmother’s kitchen. BMC Public Health, 11(5), S2.

In his paper, Jules would like to use a quotation by Lorcan Dempsey that was used by Sam Popowich, in his book "Exploring Discovery". How should he do this ? (Select all that apply.)
Jules would like to include the following figure in his presentation. What should he do to indicate the source? (Select all that apply)


Image under Creative Commons CC BY license

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In the video, the verbal sparring between Jules and his professor demonstrates how using someone else’s words or ideas can help you bolster your own arguments. But in order for a quotation to really have an impact, its author has to be clearly indicated.

That is why, when someone reads your paper, it is important for him or her to be able to distinguish other authors’ words from your own ideas. Quotations and paraphrases enrich your work and lend it credibility. However, there are rules that you must follow when you quote or paraphrase.

You have two options. You can:

  • Use a word-for-word excerpt (a direct quotation) and put it in quotation marks, or
  • Paraphrase (in other words, reformulate the words of the other author).

In both cases, you must include a precise indication of the source, first in a shortened form directly in the text of your paper and then in its full form in the bibliography.

Note: Some citation style guides also recommend indicating the page number where the quotation appeared.