Thématique: Plagiarism
How to recognize plagiarism
The art of not being an accidental plagiarist
  • Identify acts of plagiarism
Anna is writing a report on the history of doping in sports. Read the following excerpt, which Anna would like to draw from in her paper. Then decide how she could use it without committing plagiarism. (Select only one answer.)

The Ancient Greeks were also the first to use stimulants in the form of potions of brandy and wine as part of their sport training routine. The Roman gladiators also used unspecified stimulants to overcome fatigue and injury. Most of these stimulants were derived from plants.
Source: Holt, R. I., Erotokritou-Mulligan, I. & Sönksen, P. H. (2009). The history of doping and growth hormone abuse in sport. Growth Hormone & IGF Research, 19(4), 320-326.

The Roman gladiators also used unspecified stimulants to overcome fatigue and injury. (Holt, Erotokritou-Mulligan & Sönksen, 2009)
“The Romans also used unspecified stimulants to overcome fatigue and injury.” (Holt, Erotokritou-Mulligan & Sönksen, 2009)
The use of plant-based stimulants helped gladiators cope with their injuries (Holt, Erotokritou-Mulligan & Sönksen, 2009).
Les gladiateurs romains, eux aussi, utilisaient des stimulants non précisés pour surmonter leur fatigue et leurs blessures (Holt, Erotokritou-Mulligan & Sönksen, 2009).
Further along in her paper, Anna would like to paraphrase another part of this same article (Holt, Erotokritou-Mulligan & Sönksen, 2009). What should she do to indicate her source? (Select only one answer.)
She should write (ibid.) immediately after the paraphrased text to indicate that this reference has already been cited.
She should insert an in-text reference immediately after the paraphrased text, exactly as she did the first time.
A second in-text reference is not necessary for paraphrased text (a single reference is sufficient).
Anna should find another source because it is not advisable to cite the same document twice in one academic work.
Jules helped Anna find an image for her presentation, and he modified the image so that it would better reflect the point she wanted to make. On the last slide of her presentation, Anna cited the source of the original image and thanked Jules for the help he had given her. Was there anything wrong with what Anna and Jules did? (Select only one answer.)
No. As Anna acknowledged the help Jules had given her and cited the original image, there is nothing to reproach her for.
Yes. All academic work must be individual. Anna should have refused Jules’s help.
Yes. Neither Jules nor Anna had the right to modify an image created by another author.
Yes. Anna should not have cited the source of the original image and should instead have attributed it to Jules because he modified it.
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As Anna demonstrates in the video, plagiarism is akin to theft. It is a risk students run each time they copy and paste.

To keep from slipping into involuntary plagiarism, keep the most common cases of plagiarism in mind:

  • Copying part of a text word for word or with minor changes, without indicating the source
  • Paraphrasing the words of an author (that is, reformulating them in your own words) without indicating the source
  • Translating a sentence without mentioning that you have translated it or indicating the source of the original text
  • Using images, graphics or other illustrations without indicating the source
  • Reusing something you’ve already written and presenting it as original work—that’s called self-plagiarism

Watch out for group work: As all group members will be held responsible if one groupmate plagiarizes in his or her section, you should raise your classmates’ awareness on this issue.